Amazing facts of delhi's red fort


The Red Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and an iconic symbol of India’s rich history, stands proudly in the heart of Old Delhi. Steeped in centuries of culture and witness to pivotal historical events, the Red Fort is a treasure trove of amazing facts that showcase the grandeur and significance of this architectural marvel. In this detailed guide, we will delve into the fascinating world of the Red Fort, exploring its history, architecture, and the captivating tales that echo within its crimson walls.

1. Historical Significance:

a. Mughal Magnificence: The Red Fort, also known as Lal Qila, was commissioned by the fifth Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan, in 1638. It served as the main residence of the Mughal emperors for nearly 200 years, witnessing the zenith of the Mughal Empire.

b. Symbol of Independence: The Red Fort holds immense significance in India’s struggle for independence. It was the site where Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, hoisted the national flag on August 15, 1947, marking the country’s independence from British rule.

2. Architectural Marvels:

a. Intricate Design and Layout: The Red Fort’s design reflects the finesse of Mughal architecture. The fort covers a vast area and is surrounded by massive red sandstone walls. Its layout comprises exquisite palaces, pavilions, and lush gardens.

b. Naubat Khana: As visitors enter the fort through the Lahore Gate, they are greeted by the Naubat Khana, the drum house. Historically, it played music to announce the emperor’s presence.

c. Diwan-i-Aam: The Diwan-i-Aam, or Hall of Public Audience, is a majestic structure where the emperor addressed the public and listened to their grievances. The hall features ornate arches and a throne alcove.

d. Diwan-i-Khas: The Diwan-i-Khas, or Hall of Private Audience, is a splendid chamber adorned with intricate floral patterns. It was here that the emperor held private meetings with dignitaries.

e. Rang Mahal: The Rang Mahal, or Palace of Colors, was the imperial residence for the empress and her attendants. Its walls were adorned with vibrant frescoes and mirrors.

3. Pearls of Architecture:

a. Moti Masjid: Located within the fort complex, the Moti Masjid, or Pearl Mosque, is a pristine white marble mosque. Built by Emperor Aurangzeb, it stands as a serene and elegant structure within the fort.

b. Hayat Bakhsh Bagh: The Hayat Bakhsh Bagh, or Life-Bestowing Garden, is a beautifully laid out garden within the fort. Its design incorporates flowing water channels and cascades, adding to the overall aesthetics.

c. Nahr-i-Behisht: The Nahr-i-Behisht, or Stream of Paradise, is a central water channel that runs through the fort’s garden area. It symbolizes the heavenly rivers described in Islamic traditions.

4. Engineering Marvels:

a. Yamuna as a Water Source: The Red Fort’s engineering brilliance is evident in its water supply system. It drew water from the Yamuna River and utilized an elaborate network of canals to ensure a constant supply within the fort.

b. Innovative Cooling System: The architects incorporated a unique cooling system known as the “jharokha.” Wind-catching devices positioned strategically in the structures facilitated natural ventilation, keeping the interiors cool during hot summers.

5. Cultural Extravaganza:

a. Sound and Light Show: The Red Fort comes alive in the evening with a spectacular Sound and Light Show. Narrated in both Hindi and English, the show unfolds the historical saga of the fort, creating a mesmerizing experience for visitors.

b. Annual Independence Day Celebration: Every year on August 15th, the Red Fort becomes the focal point of India’s Independence Day celebrations. The Prime Minister hoists the national flag and delivers the Independence Day address from the iconic ramparts.

6. The Kohinoor Connection:

a. Legendary Diamond: The Kohinoor diamond, one of the world’s most famous gemstones, has a historical connection to the Red Fort. It was believed to be part of the peacock throne in the Diwan-i-Khas before being seized by various conquerors.

b. Shifts in Ownership: The Kohinoor has a storied past, changing hands between various rulers, including Persian and British monarchs. It is currently part of the British Crown Jewels.

7. Preservation and Recognition:

a. UNESCO World Heritage Site: In 2007, the Red Fort was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, acknowledging its cultural and historical significance. The fort is recognized as an outstanding example of Indo-Islamic, Mughal, and colonial architecture.

b. Preservation Efforts: The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is actively involved in preserving and maintaining the Red Fort. Restoration projects aim to protect the fort’s architectural heritage for future generations.

8. Hidden Mysteries:

a. Secret Tunnels: Legends speak of secret tunnels beneath the Red Fort that were purportedly used as escape routes by the Mughal emperors. While the existence of these tunnels is debated, they add an air of mystery to the fort’s history.

b. Hidden Rooms and Chambers: The fort is believed to have hidden rooms and chambers, some of which are yet to be fully explored. These concealed spaces fuel the imagination, inviting visitors to envision the secrets they might hold.

9. Timeless Inspiration:

a. Literary and Artistic Influence: The Red Fort has inspired numerous poets, writers, and artists over the centuries. Its architectural splendor and historical significance have been celebrated in literature, paintings, and various forms of creative expression.

b. Cinematic Presence: The Red Fort has served as a captivating backdrop in several Bollywood films, further cementing its place in the cultural narrative of India. Its grandeur and historical aura make it a popular choice for filmmakers.

10. Visitor Tips and Practical Information:

a. Visiting Hours: The Red Fort is open to visitors from sunrise to sunset, except on Mondays. It is advisable to check the official website or local sources for any changes in timings.

b. Entry Fees: There is a nominal entry fee for visitors, with separate rates for Indian and foreign tourists. Additional charges may apply for camera usage.

c. Guided Tours: Engage in a guided tour to gain deeper insights into the history and architecture of the Red Fort. Knowledgeable guides can provide context to the various structures and their significance.

d. Comfortable Attire: Wear comfortable clothing and footwear, especially if you plan to explore the expansive fort complex. The site involves walking, and comfortable attire will enhance your overall experience.

e. Photography Opportunities: The Red Fort offers myriad photography opportunities. Capture the intricate details of the architecture, the vibrant colors of the structures, and the sweeping views from the ramparts.


The Red Fort, standing as a testament to India’s rich heritage and resilience, is a captivating journey through time. Its architectural splendor, historical importance, and cultural significance make it a jewel in the crown of Delhi’s treasures. As you traverse the crimson walls, immerse yourself in the stories echoing within, from the grandeur of Mughal emperors to the dawn of a new era in independent India. The Red Fort is not merely a structure of bricks and mortar; it is a living testament to the spirit of a nation and a symbol of enduring legacy.